Serfdom of Sulphur Night
(Kawah Ijen Volcano Indonesia)

For over 40 years, miners have been extracting sulphur from the crater of Kawah Ijen in Indonesia. To double their meagre income, the hardiest of these men work nights, by the electric blue light of the sulphuric acid exhaled by the volcano before climbing up to the top of the volcano with their heavy charge.


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